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When unfavourable social and economic conditions intensified, it cannot but be doubted that more violent action was readily utilised, culminating in the outbreak of revolt in This essay hopefully provides some impetus to social historians to reconsider the nature of serfdom in the late medieval period, and how ordinary people sought to resist an institution many of them clearly found to be intolerable.

Whittle and S. Rigby eds. Fryde and N. Aston eds. Moore and H. Hilton and H. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Tags: black death , conor byrne , economic , flight , hilton , lords , medieval , peasants revolt , political , poverty , richard ii , riot , serfdom , social , tenants , unrest , villages , villeinage , violence By conorbyrnex in Uncategorized on March 23, Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:.

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Ordinary People & Serfdom in Medieval England

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy. Burke, ed. Hilton, Bond men made free. Medieval peasant movements and the English Rising of , revised edition, ; R.

(PDF) Some recent trends in the rural history of medieval England | Chris Briggs -

Samuel, ed. Hilton, The English peasantry in the later middle ages Dyer, An age of transition? Economy and society in England in the later middle ages , esp. Dyer, P. Coss, and C.

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Wickham, eds. Turner and B. Silvester, eds. Schofield Peasant and Community in medieval England Horrox and W. Ormrod, eds. Garcia-Oliver, eds. The archival work on the pilot study was undertaken by Dr Matt Tompkins, the archaeological research by Dr Ben Jervis.

Kowaleski and P. Goldberg, eds. Clark, review of Schofield, Peasant and Community , in Speculum 80 , Thanks for this Chris. And maybe we should wonder: why is lower always better? Your comments on peasants wanting the stuff their ever-so-slightly betters had makes me think about how this kind of approach or perhaps the aspiration which underlies it might obscure what they had in common or wanted to have in common with those just a bit higher up the social ladder.

Andy Wood talks about the importance of gender, and there too we have something central: how far do masculine and feminine cut through the social hierarchy, men and women having a set of positions in relation to power which resonate with those up and down the hierarchy.

What protected peasants best? Markets, risk, efficiency, and medieval English agriculture

Is what is most interesting about each social sub-category what makes it different from the rung just above? What about what they have in common? You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.

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    Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. History from below and the English middle ages: I see history from below primarily as a development of the ss. A couple of excellent examples of inventories: 1. Medieval peasant possessions and history from below: To what extent will the projected larger investigation into medieval peasant possessions be an exercise in history from below?

    Everyday life in the Middle Ages

    Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading The discussion of diversity provides a solid overview of an extensive secondary literature related to issues of peasant stratification and the mechanisms by which internal differentiation between different ranks of peasants changed over time. Schofield's comments on the emergence and operation of a land market are a particularly interesting part of the book. He argues forcefully for the existence of a real peasant land market not one that simply redistributed land as a natural concomitant of personal life cycles.

    He also believes that such a market emerged relatively early by the first part of the thirteenth century in some parts of England and that it was extensive enough by the early fourteenth century to facilitate considerable change in the overall composition of peasant society mainly by enhancing stratification. The section on family similarly develops the theme of chronological and geographical diversity, but not quite as successfully as the section on landholding.

    Schofield addresses many different questions that demographic specialists have treated over the past two generations: household size, fertility rates, age at marriage, life expectancy, overall population trends, and kinship networks, to name some of the more prominent. These have proven to be contentious issues, and Schofield's attempt to find common ground by arguing that family situations could differ greatly between regions and periods tends to sidestep some of the more controversial issues such as the root cause of the fifteenth-century demographic stagnation, for example.

    There is certainly a good deal of truth in the author's contention that the family situation of a virgate-holder in the west Midlands in the thirteenth century might differ considerably from that of a petty craftsman in fifteenth-century east Anglia. But such a perspective tends to obscure as much as it uncovers.

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    What is lacking in this section of the book is a clear distillation of a few general principles that might make sense of the diversity. Schofield's problem in this regard probably reflects the uncertainties of the field more than anything else. One is struck in this section by how many central demographic issues have simply refused to divulge their secrets. As Schofield depicts the current situation, the shadow of John Hajnal continues to loom over the field, and the fact that this shadow is still nearly as dark as it was forty years ago raises the question of how well medievalists have been served by their efforts to find the origins of the northwest European marriage pattern.

    In the third section of the book, Schofield endeavors to show how peasants interacted with the world beyond their native village by looking at their involvement with markets, the state, and the church.